What are the similarities between Jesus and Moses? (Deuteronomy 18:15-18)

When we look at the lives of Moses and Jesus, we see a lot of similarities. Given the words of Moses in Deuteronomy 18:15-18 this is to be expected, because there Moses foretells the coming of Jesus. The similarities are primarily spiritual in nature. In Luke 24:27, Jesus makes it clear that Moses pointed to Him.


1. At the time of Moses, Israel suffered under foreign domination, it was a nation of slaves under the power of Egypt, with Pharaoh at the head, which despotic decrees promulgated: heavy forced labor (Ex. 1:11, 14; 5:6-9).
At the time of Christ, Israel again suffered under foreign domination, it was a nation of slaves (Cf. Neh. 9:36 v) under the power of the Romans, the emperor at the head (emphasized by Luke), and the Edomite King Herod (emphasized by Matthew). Israel was subject to the despotic decrees of August: the "registration" was a public statement and resulted in heavy taxes (Luke 2:1).


2. Jochebed put her child in a very special 'cradle': an ark of bulrushes, because the child didn't have a place in society, a young woman stayed close to the basket: Miriam (Greek: Maria) (Ex. 2:3 v).
Mary put her child in a very special "cradle": a crib, ie a manger for animals, because there was no room in the inn for the child, the young Mary (Hebrew Miriam) was in the manger (Luke 2:7, 16).

3. Moses did great miracles (Ex. 7-14, Deut. 34:10-12),
Jesus did greater miracles than Moses. He said: "If I hadn’t done among them the works which no one else did, they wouldn’t have had sin." (John 15:24).

4. God gave Moses the bread from heaven (Ex. 16:8, 15);
God gave Jesus as bread from heaven (John 6:32-35).

5. The law was given through Moses (Ex. 24:12);
grace and truth came by Jesus Christ (John 1:17).

6. The covenant of Moses was initiated with animal blood (Ex. 24:6-8)
that of Christ with His own blood (Matt. 26:28; Luc. 22:20). See also Heb. 9:18-23.

7. The transfiguration on the mountain of Moses (Ex. 34:29,35)
and of Jesus (Matthew 17:2)

8. Nationality, Moses was an Israelite (Ex. 2:1,2)
like Jesus in the flesh (Matthew 1:1-17)

9. Moses rescued Israel from captivity and slavery of Egypt (Ex. 3-4; Hand. 7:20-39),
Jesus saved the world from the bondage and slavery of sin (Matt. 20:28; Eph. 2:1-8, Rom. 3:28, 4:6)

10. Moses' mission from God was confirmed by the miracles that Moses did.
So was Jesus' mission confirmed by miracles (Matthew 11:4,5).
It is also noteworthy to see that Moses was the first in the Old Testament to perform miracles, Jesus is the first in the New Testament to perform miracles. John the Baptist performed no miracles.

11. Moses stretched out his hand over the water and the Lord made the sea divergence by a strong east wind. (Ex. 14:21)
The men marveled, saying, “What kind of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?” (Matt. 8:27)

12. Israel did not understand that when the king of Egypt died, their chains were strengthened, and they asked God why. (Ex.2: 23)
Jesus' disciples did not understand why the Messiah had to go to the cross. (Matthew 16:21-23, Acts. 1:3-7)

13. The people were ready to stone Moses. (Ex. 17:4)
Therefore they took up stones to throw at him, but Jesus was hidden, and went out of the temple, having gone through the midst of them, and so passed by. (John 8:59)

14. Moses took twelve men separate from the people. (Deuteronomy 1:23)
Jesus did the same, And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him. (Mark 3:14)

15. Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel. (Numbers 11:15)
After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also. (Luke 10:1)

16. When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered themselves together to Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we don’t know what has become of him.” (Ex. 32:1)
Where is the promise of his coming? (2 Pet. 3:4)

17. Moses his servant (Psalm 105:26).
My servant Jesus (Matt. 12:18).

18. Moses, the prophet (Deut. 18:15-18).
The Prophet Jesus (Luke 7: 16, Jn. 6: 14).

19. Moses was a priest(Ps. 99:6), for an illustration see Leviticus 8, especially verses 15.16 and 19:23.
Jesus is a priest (Hebrews 7:24, 9:14).

20. Moses was a shepherd (Exodus 3:1).
Jesus is a shepherd (John 10:11, 14).

21. Moses was a mediator (Ex. 33:8,9).
Jesus is a mediator (1 Tim. 2:5).

22. Moses was an intercessor (Numbers 21:7).
Jesus was an intercessor (Romans 8:34).

23. Moses was a judge (Ex. 18:13).
Jesus is a judge (John 5:27, Matt. 25:31-46, 2 Cor. 5:10).

24. As a small child, his life was in danger, when the reigning king, the Pharaoh had given orders, to throw all newborn boys in the Nile, (Exodus 1:22).
This makes us think of when Herod saw that He was deceived by the Magi, he kindled fierce wrath and sent orders to Bethlehem and the whole area that all the boys two years old and under were to be killed. (Matt. 2:16)

25. Moses spent his early years in Egypt.
Same goes for Jesus: Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.” He arose and took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt, (Matthew 2:13-14). So was fulfilled what the prophet had said: Out of Egypt have I called my son. (Hosea 11:1).

26. Both had compassion with the people of Israel and were willing to give themselves for the people.


27. By faith, Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to share ill treatment with God’s people, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a time; accounting the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he looked to the reward. (Heb. 11:24-26)
This was a foreshadowing of Him who, existing in the form of God, didn’t consider it robbery to be equal with God, but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men. (Philippians 2:6-7)
Like Moses, Jesus willingly laid down wealth, glory and a royal palace.

28. Both were rejected by their brethren. “The day following, he appeared to them as they fought, and urged them to be at peace again, saying, ‘Sirs, you are brothers. Why do you wrong one another?’ But he who did his neighbor wrong pushed him away, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge over us? (Acts 7:26-27).
This is sad, but sadder still is, he came to His own, and his own received him not. (John 1:11)
We see frequently in the Bible that brethren do not listen, for example in the case of Joseph. With Joseph however, it was directed against him personally (Gen. 37:4), with Moses his brothers were hostile to his mission. Joseph was personally hated Moses officially refused: "Who made you a ruler and a judge over us" The same happened with Jesus, Israel said: We will not have this king over us (Luke 19:14).

29. Away from his own country, we read of Moses, where he sat down at a well (Exodus 2:16).
The only time we read that Jesus sits down at a well, He is beyond Israel's borders, in Samaria (John 4:4, 6).

30. Moses before his real mission / ministry began, spent years in seclusion. Who would thought that, somewhere in the desert, such a high honor would fall upon him.
So it was with the Son of God. Before Jesus began his public ministry, He was in seclusion at Nazareth. Who would have thought that He would bring salvation.

31. Moses was called to deliver God's people from slavery in Egypt: Come now therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring forth my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.” (Ex. 3:10).
Jesus was sent into this world to the lost to seek and to save (Luke 19:10).

32. Moses fulfilled his God-given mission and led Israel from the house of bondage: “This Moses, whom they refused, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’—God has sent him as both a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel who appeared to him in the bush. (Acts 7:35).
Jesus affirms If therefore the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed. (John 8:36).

33. Noteworthy is the foreshadowing of baptism by Moses, Now I would not have you ignorant, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; (1 Corinthians 10:1-2). Obedient Christians are baptized (Matt. 16:16; 28:19).

34. The authority of Moses was challenged in Numbers 16:3;
of Jesus in Matthew 21:23.

35. Both Moses (Ex. 5:22, 8:12, 9:33, 14:15, 15:25, 17:4) and Jesus
were men of prayer (eg Gethsemane in Matt. 26:36-46). Especially in the Gospel of Luke the emphasis is on Jesus as a man of prayer.

36. Moses profides water for the people in Numbers 20:11
Jesus does the same in John 4:14 and 7:37.

37. Fasting in both Exodus 34:28 and Matthew 4:2.

38. Praying for forgiveness for Israel in Numbers 14:19 And Luke 23:34.

39. Both have washed their brothers with water. Moses brought Aaron and his sons, and washed them with water. (Lev. 8:6).
Who can miss the resemblance to John 13:5: Then he poured water into the basin, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him.

40. Accomplishing the mission God had given, Moses finished the work (Ex. 40:33).
A similar statement we hear from Jesus, I glorified you on the earth. I have accomplished the work which you have given me to do. (John 17:4).

41. Their death was for the good of God's people, Moses took the blame for their sakes (Psalm 106:32) They angered him also at the waters of Meribah, So that Moses was troubled for their sakes; .
The resemblance to Jesus can not be missed (Isaiah 53:4-6).

42. Both knew that the people had to be led if they were no longer on earth. In Deuteronomy 31:23 Moses set Joshua as his successor.
Jesus gives the promise of the Holy Spirit to lead the church (John 14:16,18).